Unarguably the long awaited Democratic system of government returned back to Nigeria on may, 29 1999. This brought a new hope to Nigerians after decades of failed military and Democratic rules in the country.
The first failed democracy in Nigeria took place on December 31st 1983 when the major General Muhammadu buhari (now civilian president) toppled the inglorious 4years of the first democratically elected central government under the leadership of Alhaji shehu shagari.
Another blow on democracy i n Nigeria was on June 12 1994 when the military president, Ibrahim badamasi babangida annulled the election of chief mko abiola.
Unlike other failed democracy, the 1999 civilian government brought a lasting hope and expectations to Nigerians that the new system of government will bedeviled the growth and development of the nation. thus the sixteen years of this period experienced the government of people Democratic party (PDP) upon the 2015 general elections, Nigerians become tried of (PDP)s 16 years of misruled and agitated for a change in the central and some states government . this brought in a switch from PDP to all progressive Congress (APC) with muhammadu buhari as a President. The APC’s major agenda was “CHANGE.
According to APC the reason for this change is was that after so many years of PDP rule the challenges that confronted the nation during the military era had not ended.
Regrettably, these challenges persistently become as worrisome as there were before the advent of democracy in 1999 for these challenges have not successful in bringing intellectual debates on the status of Nigeria as a nation but have also resulted in Democratic retrogressions, thus causing the nation to experience stranded growth and development .
Some of such features of Democratic retrogression in Nigeria since the advent of CHANGE in 2015 are:
The increasing killing of Nigerians by suspected armed Fulani herdsmen, persistent havoc of book haram insurgents in the north east of the country, marginalization of some ethnic groups, incessant armed banditry, kidnapping, rubbing , continuous dwindling of the nations economic stability unlike the days of PDP government.
Another flaw on the change agenda of president buhari’s government is his failure to give priority to responding to the needs of the poor and the youth and also points to the need to remedy entrenched patterns of discrimination that affect the non indigenes and women in the country .
This CHANGE agenda of the present central government in the country has woefully failed to control the high rate of corruption or eradicate it entirely as they promised us in 2015.
It is clear that what Nigeria and it’s citizens are suffering is as a result of oligarchic control of political power, both formal and informal, by uncountable political cabal.
This oligarchic control of political power contributed to patterns of inefficient centralization, a dearth of meaningful representation within the political system, and a culture of impunity that date back the foundation of democracy in the country.
This has created a stark gap between the rulers and the ruled leading to a general dissatisfaction and cynicism regarding government combined with growing sentiment of injustice which are fueled by attempt to manipulate ethnic religions rivalries. This directly threatens political stability of Nigeria, which is extra – ordinarily fragile.
A breakdown in stability could undermine ongoing national integration. Hence CHANGE agenda of president Muhammad buhari’s government remains mere illusion.